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Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach wall, so it is advisable to avoid foods that favor inflammation or irritation. However, medical evaluation is advisable because there are patients who will require more or less intense drug treatment, ”explained Cristina Carretero Ribon, spokesman for the Spanish Foundation for the Digestive System (FEAD).
"The general recommendations for patients with gastritis include dietary measures to obtain a certain 'digestive rest', trying to avoid the production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach, which is stimulated by certain foods," adds Laura Ramírez, of the Hospital's Endocrinology and Nutrition Service University HM Montepríncipe, and Madrid.
To get out of doubt
What foods can not be eaten in case of gastritis and why? Experts offer this comprehensive list to prevent stomach problems:
- It is recommended to avoid high fat milk and dairy products (such as cured cheeses or Greek yogurt); fatty meat; sausages; flatulent vegetables (broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, onion, and artichokes) and raw; fruits, especially citrus fruits, in syrup or candied; the sauces and spicy; Drinks such as coffee, tea, soda, and all alcoholics.
- Ramírez advises "avoid foods high in fiber, especially soluble type, as it delays gastric emptying."
- The endocrinologist at HM Monteprincipe Hospital recommends reducing milk consumption due to its fermentation capacity. "If we can choose, we must opt for the one with the lowest percentage of fat."
In that sense, Carter points out that “fatty foods irritate the stomach, so it is likely that skim milk feels better than the whole. Skim milk usually has less than 1% fat; the semi-skimmed, approximately 1.5%; and the whole, 3.5% fat. Therefore, the difference is greater between the whole and the semi-skimmed than between the semi-skimmed and the skimmed. "
- Does yogurt intake benefit patients with gastritis? "Yogurt contains probiotics, which can help improve gastritis," says the FEAD spokeswoman.
- Dispense with unripe and citrus fruits. Instead, the pear, peach, apple, papaya, and banana would be of choice, and if not tolerated raw, they could be cooked (for example, in compote).
- "It's very important to avoid consumption of all types of alcoholic beverages, " says Ramírez. At the same time, the FEAD spokeswoman notes that smoking tobacco also irritates the stomach.
- It is advisable to drink soft drinks because, among many other ingredients, they contain carbonic acid, which increases the acidity in the stomach. "They are irritating to the gastric mucosa," Carretero adds.
Read More: what to eat when you have gastritis