Vpis v blog od Carol Bennett
There are numerous definitions of the term vulnerable population. The term used in the study represents the disadvantaged sub-segment of society in dire need of paramount attention and care, distinct ancillary considerations and increased safety. For suchpeople their liberty and ability to safeguard themselves from envisioned or inherent risk is unevenly abbreviated from lessened drive to incapacity to institute sound decisions. Such individuals require assiduous attention during duties delegations with special enrollment considerations and value scrutiny measures. Vulnerable population relates to, but is not limited to minors, children, prisoners, employees, military persons, intellectually challenged individuals and refugees among others.
According to the World Health Organization, the vulnerability of individuals refers to the extent to which a population, organization, or individual is incapable of anticipating, resisting, dealing with, and recovering from the effects of calamities. The vulnerable population conceptual model (VPCM) postulates that there exist interrelationships among resource availability, health status, and relative risk. The following represents a research on the application of the VPCM in the United States prisons. The study also covers the reasons why the stated prison population is a vulnerable lot.
Vulnerability of the Prison Population
Of the 2.3 million people imprisoned in penitentiaries and jails in America, men reflect for up to 90%. Regrettably, achievement after imprisonment is patently unusual for these individuals. Virtually three-quarters of the people are re-arrested for a new wrongdoing within five years of their discharge from jail. One of the highly overlooked, but incredibly powerful features in after-release aftermaths of previously imprisoned men represents ignored indicators occasioning from lifetime traumatic experiences (LTEs). LTEs comprise direct individual experiences of ill-treatment, the risk of severe injury or loss, learning of such an occurrence befalling an adored one, and watching in person an event that comprises passing or grave injury to another individual.
Among criminal justice-involved individuals, untreated indicators of LTEs are related to bad and non-violent illegal behaviors. The actual proof base on trauma interventions for individuals who have undergone imprisonment is weak. Moreover, studying trauma managements for jailed people has significantly been overlooked. A section of small trials has been held in the United States with women convicts and a single comparison trial with men. All these factors alongside others qualify prisoners as a vulnerable lot.
Application of Vulnerable Population Conceptual Model
The Vulnerable Population Conceptual Model (VPCM) is proposed for prison population in the United States to guide and direct practice and study on adapting the impacts of individuals in incarceration and those discharged from imprisonment.
Among the key factors that contribute to the problem is inmates housing. As a result of an increase in incarcerated people, penitentiaries in the United States are facing unanticipated and unprecedented challenges such as overcrowding linked with prison deaths. In addition, in the US correctional environments, there is a lack of educational and discharge programs. The rate of participation in learning programs given in prisons and jails has not developed proportionately in comparison to the inmate population. As far as environment opportunities are concerned, casual occupations like cleaning a neighbor's household, washing vehicles, or even occasionally selling drugs were the only kinds of occupation obtainable to previously imprisoned people. These types of hiring prospects can adversely affect health,
Barriers to affordable health care is also a concern for the prisoners as previously confined people might similarly lose access to numerous state benefits that promote health. Research indicates that 58% of imprisoned individuals report juvenile corporeal abuse likened to 14% in community centered illustrations. Furthermore, 17% of detained people report sexual mistreatment compared to 10% of community-centered individuals.
In the United States correctional settings, prisoners face a variety of situations each of which might impact their lives. The cases entail undergoing numerous deprivation forms, exposure to the prison code, living in controlling and coercive setting, degrading prison conditions and the mandatory healthcare provision.
Among the risk factors, one of the most pressing is a persistent loss of social support. Nonetheless, several policies concerning prisons actively damage social relationships. Stigma is another risk factor associated with prisoners where it has a significant impact on health. The VPCM helps to identify stigma as a risk factor, since incarcerated populations face persistent, multi-level stigma that affects their capability even to reintegrate into the society after release to access numerous systems of assistance.
The relationship is partlial because of the likelihood of penitentiaries and jails to amass people who are significantly at risk for accumulated disparities such as the high prevalence of experiencing violence, mental health issues, substance abuse, chronic and infectious conditions. According to Centers for Disease Control, the HIV rate contagion is four to six times greater where one in every three inmates is projected to suffer from hepatitis C. The study has been undertaken that examines the mortality rates of prisoners likened to those in general population. Research has uncovered that the mortality gap narrows for certain populations. African American prisoners rate of death and morbidity is lower when likened to the general African American population.
Conclusively, incarcerated people in the United States represent a vulnerable population that requires urgent interventions. Jailed individuals cannot be taken as akin to others who have received responses. As conducted in the research, prisoners experience higher rates of LTEs than the general population, and they survive in the unfriendly environment in penitentiaries. It is evident that practitioners will never actually wholly comprehend the plight of prisoners but, nonetheless, can employ the Vulnerable Population Conceptual Model for guidance and direction. By understanding the interrelationships among resource availability, health status and relative risk, authorities and stakeholders can institute appropriate measures to address the plight of the vulnerable population.Carol Bennett, writer at https://order-essays.com/ and a blogger